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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
A urine infection, also known as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a bladder infection, is a bacterial infection that may occur at any part of the urinary tract including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. These infections may be acute or chronic in nature. And women have been the likelier gender to get affected by a urine infection. This is because in women, the urethra is shorter and located close to the anus. Which means bacteria such as E. coli have a direct passage to the urethra and subsequently to the bladder and kidneys. About 1 in 5 women experience a second urinary infection, while some are plagued incessantly. Some women are genetically predisposed to a urine infection, while others have abnormalities in the structure of their urinary tract that make them more susceptible to getting infected. Women with diabetes may be at higher risk, as well, because their compromised immune systems make them less able to fight off a urinary infection. Other conditions that increase risk include pregnancy, multiple sclerosis, and anything that affects urine flow, such as kidney stones, stroke, and spinal cord injury. And although men too may be susceptible to a urine infection, it mostly affects older men who need to use a catheter.
Symptoms of a urine infection
Although the symptoms of a urine infection may vary depending on its severity, some of the most common symptoms are:
Cloudy or bloody urine
Pain or burning when urinating
A frequent sensation of having to urinate, which is called urgency
Cramping or pressure in the lower abdomen or lower back
Treatments to a urine infection:
An uncomplicated urine infection is one that occurs in an otherwise healthy person with a normal, clear urinary tract. These can usually be cured with 2-3 days of treatment. While a complicated urine infection is one that occurs in a person who is weakened by another condition, such as pregnancy or heart transplant, or who has a urinary tract which is compromised either structurally or functionally, such as with an obstructive kidney stone or enlargement of the prostate. Complicated urine infections tend to require longer periods of antibiotics, usually between 7-14 days.
Listed below are some treatments for both an uncomplicated and a complicated urine infection:
Since a urine infection is normally caused by bacteria, it most commonly treated with antibiotics or antimicrobials. The type of medication and length of treatment will depend on the patient’s symptoms and history.
Drinking plenty of water is advisable both for people with a urine infection and for lowering the risk of future infections.
The full course of treatment should always be completed for a urine infection in order to ensure that the infection is fully clear, and to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance. The symptoms for a urine infection can disappear before the infection has completely left the body.
Drinking lots of fluids, and frequently urinating are always recommended for people who have UTIs as this helps to flush out the bacteria. A variety of pain relief medications may be prescribed to alleviate pain. Applying a heating pad to the back or abdomen can also help.